What are dental implants
Implants are great for patients who are unable to wear dentures. Instead, the implant is placed directly into the jawbone to support permanently cemented bridges. Implants can be made from several different types of metallic and bone-like ceramic materials that are compatible with body tissue. When surgically anchored into the jawbone, the implant fuses with living bone in a process known as “osseointegration”.
What types of implants are available?
There are many types of implants available, each designed for a specific function:
- Root Form Implants The cylindrical or screw type implant is the closest in shape and size to the root of a tooth. It is the most widely used design, and generally used when there is enough width and depth of jawbone to provide a base for replacement of one, several or a complete arch of teeth. In some cases, an implant dentist may need to perform bone grafting where the jawbone is too narrow or short for root form implants.
- Plate Form Implants A special narrow implant is used when the jawbone is too narrow and bone grafting is not an option. The plate form implant is flat and long so it can fit into a narrow jawbone.
- Subperiosteal Form Implant This custom-made implant rests on top of the bone, but under the gums. It is used for patients with advanced cases of bone loss when there is not be enough bone width or height for the root form or plate form implant. Because subperiosteal implants are custom created for each patient, there are two methods to place the implant:
- Dual Surgery Method The implant dentist will surgically expose the jawbone in order to take an impression of the bone using special materials. This model is then sent to a dental laboratory where the implant is created, and the patient's gum is surgically close. Once the custom implants are ready, the implant dentist performs a second procedure to surgically anchor the implant place.
- Single Surgery Method The implant dentist will order a CAT scan of the patient's jawbone. A model of the jawbone is constructed using the CAT scan data and computer modeling techniques. The model is then sent to a dental lab where the subperiosteal implants are custom fabricated for the patient. Once the custom implants are ready, the implant dentist will surgically anchor the implant place. The obvious advantage of the single surgery method is that surgery is only necessary one time.
How does the implant procedure work?
Implant procedures can be done in the dental office with local anesthesia. The actual implant procedure involves several steps:
- The implant or implants are surgically placed into the jaw.
- The jaw is allowed to heal for a period of up to six months. During this stage, the bone grows and bonds in and around the implant (this is also known as osseointegration). The dentist may create a temporary tooth replacement for the patient to wear over the implant site during the healing period.
- The implant is uncovered, and a small metal post called an abutment is attached. The gum is again allowed to heal for a couple of weeks following this procedure.
- The restoration or crown is fabricated and permanently attached to the abutment.
Note that there are some implant systems (one-stage) that do not require step 3 above. These systems use an implant which already has the abutment attached. The implant procedure may be a cooperative effort between a surgical dentist who does the actual implant placement and a restorative dentist who creates and inserts the final replacement teeth. Some dentists have advanced training and can perform all of these services.
What are the advantages of Dental Implants?
- Preventative : dental Implants can prevent the bone loss and gum recession that often occurs with bridgework and dentures.
- Cost effective : Since one tooth is replaced instead of the several necessary to install a bridge, dental implants can actually cost less than traditional bridgework.
- Conservative : Unlike traditional bridges, adjacent teeth are not needed to support the implant. This means that the adjacent teeth do not have to be ground down to support crowns like they do for conventional bridges. Your own natural teeth are not compromised.
- Comfort : Dental implants function very similar to your natural teeth and are comfortable and stable. This eliminates some of the key problems of dentures including poor fit, gum irritation and pain from nerve compression.
- Reliable : Dental Implants are highly predictable.
- Esthetic :Implant supported crowns look and feel like your own teeth.
- Preservative : Missing teeth causes bone shrinkage, which can result in a receding jaw line and change in facial structure. Dental implants help prevent deterioration of the jawbone so the patient's face retains its natural shape and appearance
We provide the following Dental Implant Services to our patients
- Single tooth Replacement
- Implant Bridges
- Implant Supported over dentures
- Fixed Implant Dentures/Hybrid Prosthesis
- Full arch Porcelain Bridges
- Sinus Lift Procedures
- Bone Grafts
- Guided Bone Regeneration
Mr.Farrokh Bavaadam , Personnel Head